Monday 10 October 2016

firewalld / firewall-cmd quick start

We should firstly ensure that the service is running with:

firewall-cmd --state

We want to ensure any newly added interfaces will automatically be blocked before we explicitly define who can access them:

firewall-cmd --set-default-zone=block

and then configure our interface zones:

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --change-interface=eno333333
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=internal --change-interface=eno222222

We must also define the 'ZONE' variable within our interface config:

vi /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eno333333

and append:


Restart the network service and ensure the firewall is reloaded:

sudo service network restart
firewall-cmd --reload

To review we can issue the following to take a look at any active zones:

firewall-cmd --get-active-zones

We will want to setup SSH access:

firewall-cmd --zone=internal --add-service=ssh --permanent
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-service=https --permanent

and ensure the we define a source:

firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-source= --permanent
firewall-cmd --zone=internal --add-source= --permanent

if we want to lock down different sources to different ports (for example if you are using a single interface) - we could issue a 'rich rule' with provide us with more granualr control over sources / service relations:

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-rich-rule='rule family="ipv4" source address="" port protocol="tcp" port="443" accept'
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --add-rich-rule='rule family="ipv4" source address="" port protocol="tcp" port="ssh" accept'

And to review rules within zone we issue:

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=public --list-all
firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=internal --list-all

and reload the firewall to ensure changes are applied:

firewall-cmd --reload


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